Stem cells have the impending to treat a wide range of diseases, including diabetes, neurodegenerative diseases, spinal cord injury, and heart disease. The most general way of thinking regarding stem cells treating disease is during a stem cell transplant. Developing stem cells are differentiated into the essential cell type, and then those mature cells replace tissue that is damaged by disease or injury. This type of treatment could be used to replace neurons damaged by spinal cord injury, stroke, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, or other neurological problems. Cells grown to produce insulin could treat people with diabetes and heart muscle cells could refurbish damage after a heart attack. This list could believably include any tissue that is injured or diseased.
Among the most advanced clinical trials are those that aim to treat certain bone, skin and corneal diseases or injuries with a graft of tissue grown from stem cells taken from these organs. One of the most promising benefits of stem cell therapy is the potential for cardiac tissue regeneration to reverse the tissue loss underlying the development of heart failure after cardiac injury.