Orthopaedics Applications
Types of Orthopaedics Applications

1.Non-Union/Delayed UnionFracture - Nonunion is a serious complication of a fracture and may occur when the fracture moves too much, has a poor blood supply or gets infected. Patients who smoke have a higher incidence of nonunion. The normal process of bone healing is interrupted or stalled. More commonly the tissue between the un-united fragments is scar tissue.

Since the process of bone healing is quite variable, a nonunion may go on to heal without intervention in a very few cases. In general, if a nonunion is still evident at 6 months post injury it will remain unhealed without specific treatment, usually orthopedic surgery. A non-union which does go on to heal is called a delayed union.

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2.Osteonecrosis or Avascular necrosis(AVN) - Avascular necrosis is a disease resulting from the temporary or permanent loss of the blood supply to the bones. Without blood, the bone tissue dies and causes the bone to collapse. If the process involves the bones near a joint, it often leads to collapse of the joint surface. This disease also is known as osteonecrosis, aseptic necrosis, and ischemic bone necrosis.

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3.Knee Cartilage Defect - There are several types of cartilage in your body. Cartilage is found in the supporting structure of your nose, ears, ribs, and on the surfaces of joints. A joint is a bending point where two bones meet. The knee, hip, and shoulder are the three largest joints.

The specialized covering on the ends of bones that meet (articulate) to form a joint is called hyaline or articular cartilage. It is the cartilage that wears when we overdo, age, or sustain an injury. Articular cartilage is unique in that it has no nerves or blood supply. This means that human tissue cannot heal without a blood supply so articular cartilage cannot repair itself.

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4.Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) - Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease due to unknown reason that causes chronic inflammation of the joints, the tissue around the joints, as well as other organs in the body. It is a chronic joint disease that damages the joints of the body. RA can occur at any age, but is more common in middle age. Infection, genes and hormone changes may also be linked to the disease.

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